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ATM Protocol Architecture ppt

ASYNCHRONOUS TRANSFER MODE (ATM) 1. ASYNCHRONOUS TRANSFER MODE BROADBAND DIGITAL NETWORK Group Members: SANIA DANISH SHUAIB ALI ZILLAY HUMA RAMSHA JAMAL ZAHID ALI DAWOOD UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY 2. Main Objectives Introduction of ATM Why ATM Architecture of ATM How ATM Works ATM Layers 3 Asynchronous Transfer Mode: ATM 1990's/00 standard for high-speed (155Mbps to Protocol Architecture (diag) Reference Model Planes User plane ִProvides for user information transfer Control plane ִCall and connection control Microsoft PowerPoint - ATM_post.ppt 19. ATM Technology Reference Model. 20. ATM Technology Architecture of ATM Network User-to-network interface ( UNI ): interface between endpoint (user access devices) and network switches. Network-to-network interface ( NNIs ): interface between switches insides the network. vc vc vc vp vp vp. 21 Asynchronous transfer mode 1. ATM No of slides:23 1 2. Overview Definition ATM cells Characteristics Protocol Architecture Pros & cons Applications Case study Research Bibliography 2 3. ATM is a packet-oriented transfer mode

ASYNCHRONOUS TRANSFER MODE (ATM) - SlideShar

13.6.3 Other link layer protocols. FDDI: Fiber Distributed Data Interface. Fiber optics based. High bandwidth backbone used to connect LAN's. ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode. Guarantees quality of service using link reservation and admission control to avoid congestion. Connection oriented and can have transport layer implemented on top of i The Ohio State University Raj Jain 18 Features One ATM LAN can be multiple virtual LANs Logical subnets interconnected via routers Need drivers in hosts to support each LAN Only IEEE 802.3 and IEEE 802.5 frame formats supported Doesn't allow passive monitoring No token management (SMT), collisions, beacon frames LE Header (2 Bytes) Standard IEEE 802.3 or 802.5 Fram Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) is a cell-oriented switching and multiplexing technology that uses fixed-length (53 byte; 48 bytes of data, and 5 bytes of header information) packets — called cells — to carry various types of traffic, such as data m Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) m Inverse ATM ARP: VC ⇒ IP Address q Solution: ATMARP servers ATMARP Server. The Ohio State University Raj Jain 12 Classical IP Over ATM q ATM stations are divided in to Logical IP Subnets (LIS) q ATMARP server translates IP addresses to ATM addresses WATM adopts ATM to provide the data communications services so the overall architecture is based on the ATM protocol stack. A WATM protocol architecture is showed in session 3.1. To support mobility, appropriate extensions need to be added to the ATM protocol stack. The wireless segment of the network will require new mobility functions

PPT - Chapter 9 ATM Networks PowerPoint Presentation, free

A complete video lecture course with anaimations on telecom technolog Chapter 3: ATM Networks TOPICS The ATM header The ATM protocol stack The physical layer ATM switch architectures ATM adaptation layers IP over ATM Connection-Oriented - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6e1010-YTlm Total ATM cell size is about 53 bytes including header and payload. Header is of size equal to 5 bytes or octets and payload which carrier information from upper layers is of size equal to 48 bytes. Header of ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) cell varies in UNI interface and NNI interface. The same have been shown in the figure below ATM Protocol Architecture • ATM Adaptation Layer (AAL) - the protocol for packaging data into cells is collectively referred to as AAL. • Must efficiently package higher level data such as voice samples, video frames and datagram packets into a series of cells Supports transfer protocols not based on ATM. It maps higher layer information into ATM cells to be transported over an ATM network, then collects information from ATM cells for delivery to higher layers (e.g. a IP packet can be mapped to ATM cells). (There are 3 planes in the protocol architecture: the User plane is for user traffic including flo

ATM Networks and Interfaces How Does ATM Work? ATM Protocol Architecture Physical Layer ATM Layer ATM Adaptation Layer (AAL) IP OVER ATM 2 WHATS ATM? ATM is Asynchronous Transfer Mode. ATM is a connection-oriented, high-speed, lowdelay switching and transmission technology that uses short and fixed-size packets, called cells, to transport. Download. 02-Protocol Architecture. Saddam Tawaha. Data and Computer Communications Chapter 2 - Protocol Architecture, TCP/IP, and Internet-Based Applications Eighth Edition by William Stallings Lecture slides by Lawrie Brown f Protocol Architecture, TCP/IP, and Internet-Based Applications Todestroy communication completely, there must be no. Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) EE290F 22 April 2004 Shanna Crankshaw ATM definition - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3c3348-ZDJm AAL Protocol accepts transmission from upper layer services (e.g.: packet data) and map them into fixed-sized ATM cells. These transmissions can be of any type, variable or fixed data rate. At the receiver, this process is reversed and segments are reassembled into their original formats and passed to the receiving services

ATM must support low cost attachments. This decision lead to a significant decision - to prohibit cell reordering in ATM networks. ATM switch design is more difficult. ATM Cell Switching ATM Protocol Architecture ATM Adaptation Layer (AAL) - the protocol for packaging data into cells is collectively referred to as AAL ATM stands for Asynchronous Transfer Mode. It is a switching technique that uses time division multiplexing (TDM) for data communications. ATM networks are connection oriented networks for cell relay that supports voice, video and data communications. It encodes data into small fixed - size cells so that they are suitable for TDM and transmits.

ATM Networking Concept - SlideShar

fixed-size cells. ATM networks are connection-oriented. Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) is a technology that has its history in the development of broadband ISDN in the 1970s and 1980s. Technically, it can be viewed as an evolution of packet switching. Like packet switching protocols for data (e.g., X.25, frame relay, Transmission Contro ISDN usually contains two different layering mechanisms out of which one is for B/H Channels and other one for D Channel. For D-channel, ISDN contains three-layered protocol architecture. On the other hand, for B-channel, ISDN contains only one protocol layer i.e. physical layer and rest of upper layers are dependent on the application ATM Definition / Architecture Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) is the cell relay protocol designed by the ATM Forum and adopted by ITU-T. It is a wide area protocol featuring high data rates and equal-sized packets (cells). ATM is suitable for transferring text, audio and video data. Some of the key concepts involved in ATM include: The basic. Asynchronous Transfer Mode: ATM - Asynchronous Transfer Mode: ATM 1990 s/00 standard for high-speed (155Mbps to 622 Mbps and higher) Broadband Integrated Service Digital Network architecture | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view. Asynchronous Transfer Mode - and switched along the same path. Chapter 5 ATM

Asynchronous transfer mode - SlideShar

ATM layer - Combined with the ATM adaptation layer, the ATM layer is roughly analogous to the data link layer of the OSI reference model. The ATM layer is responsible for the simultaneous sharing of virtual circuits over a physical link (cell multiplexing) and passing cells through the ATM network (cell relay). To do this, i ISDN Protocols at UNI Control Signaling Packet Ckt switched Semi permanent Packet Switched End-to-end user signaling Q.931 LAPD I.430 basic or I.431 Primary Application Presentation Session Transport Network Datalink Physical X.25 packet I.465/V.120 LAPB D Channel B Channel X.25 packe Asynchronous Transfer Mode ( ATM) is a transfer protocol with the following characteristics: It is scalable and flexible. It can support megabit-to-gigabit transfer speeds and is not tied to a specific physical medium. It efficiently transmits video, audio, and data through the implementation of several adaptation layers Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) is often described as the future computer networking paradigm that will bring high-speed communications to the desktop. B. B-ISDN architecture and protocol. IEEE.J. Sel.AREAS Commun. 9, 9 (Dec. 1991), 1405-1415. Google Scholar Digital Library; 11 Kleinrock, L. The latency/bandwidth tradeoff in gigabit.

Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) ATM is called Cell Relay Designed by the ATM Forum Adopted by ITU-T Designed for modern propagation media eg. Fiber Attempt to provide high data rates. Attempt to be compatible with existing systems. Meant to be the back bone of data networks. ATM is connection oriented protocol ATM Adaptation Layer Top layer in the ATM protocol model.It converts the submitted information into streams of 48-octet segments and transports these in the payload field of multiple ATM cells.Similarly an receipt of the stream of cells relating to the same cell, it converts the 48-octet information field into required form for delivery to the.

for a network architecture zPurpose of the reference model was to provide a framework for the development of protocols zOSI also provided a unified view of layers, protocols, and services which is still in use in the development of new protocols zDetailed standards were developed for each layer, but most of these are not in us In ATM protocols, an end-to end connection is established before traffic and starts to flow. Then ,the traffic follows the same path through the network to achieve a true quality of service. The connection-less services are implemented with the help of AAL. Architecture of ATM 1. Physical laye

HMG/HUT MAC Protocols (HIPERLAN) June 2004 4 Requirements • Core network independent with QoS support for real time services (VoIP, Video) - Support of IP transporting networks, ATM networks, 3rd Generation, Firewire, etc. - Packet network based on connection-oriented wireless lin Layered Architecture (cont.) 7 Protocol - set of rules that govern data comm. between peer entities •layer-n peer processes communicate by exchanging Protocol Data Units (PDUs) Service - can be accessed through Service Access Points (SAP's) •layer n+1 PDU = layer n SDU (SDU = Service Data Unit) •layer n process adds control information (header) to it Basically, this lecture encompassed three main topics; they were Network Topology, Network Architecture and Network Protocol. In fact, these three topics are classification of Network based on different aspects. Network Topology - the study of the arrangement or mapping of the elements (links, nodes,etc.) of a network This module explains the features of Multi-protocol Label Switching (MPLS) compared to traditional ATM and hop-by-hop IP routing. MPLS concepts and terminology as well as MPLS label format and Label Switch Router (LSR) architecture and operations are explained. The module contains the following topics: Drawbacks of Traditional IP Routin

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PPT - Chapter 3: ATM Networks PowerPoint presentation

Following are the benefits or advantages of Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM): It is optimized to transport voice, data and video i.e. single network for everything. It is used for mixed traffic, real-time and non real time traffic types ATM stands for Automated teller machine and is a computerized system that enables the customer to do financial transactions easily. It is an electronic banking outlet that enables customers to perform financial transaction without the need of their bank branch representative and teller. ATMs are a convenient and safe means of managing your fund. ATM adaptation layer function: The basic function of the AAL is the enhanced adaptation of the services provided by the ATM layer until the requirement of the higher layer's services are met. In this layer, the higher layer protocol data units are mapped onto the information field of the ATM cell, which is 48 bytes long. B -ISD CoAP is a very lightweight protocol and it uses DTLS (Datagram Transport Layer Security) for providing more security and reliable communications. These are the important protocols of the Internet of Things protocols or IoT protocols. IoT Protocol Architecture. The most interesting point here is, IoT has don't have any particular architecture

What is Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)? ATM is a dedicated connection-oriented switched data transfer technology, in which switches create a virtual connection or virtual circuit between the sender and receiver of a call that permanent or switched for the duration of the call.It is a small-packet switched system or similar to circuit-switched network, which breaks down messages into very. Differences between ISDN and IDN IDN was the first network to be developed by the consultative Committee for International Telephony and Telegraph. Tis technology was meant to standardize digital hardware; which meant combining functions of switching and transmission into a single hardware. This raised the efficiency of networks Multimodal Architecture and Interfaces is an open standard developed by the World Wide Web Consortium since 2005. It was published as a Recommendation of the W3C on October 25, 2012. The document is a technical report specifying a multimodal system architecture and its generic interfaces to facilitate integration and multimodal interaction management in a computer system TCP/IP Model. TCP/IP means Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol. TCP/IP model is a four layer model and the layers are host-to-network layer, Internet layer, transport layer and application layer. The three topmost layers (application, presentation and session) in the OSI model are represented in TCP/IP by a single layer called the. An automated teller machine (ATM) or cash machine (in British English) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, funds transfers, balance inquiries or account information inquiries, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff

have been working to define the architecture and protocols that can be used to compose a flexible control plane for optical networks. The IETF's work has built on the development of MultiProtocol Label Switching (MPLS), extensions to existing routing and signaling protocols, and the creation of new protocols where needed Times New Roman Arial Black Tahoma Monotype Sorts Symbol Arial 新細明體 Stallings William Stallings Data and Computer Communications 7th Edition Protocol Architecture Protocol Architecture (diag) Reference Model Planes ATM Logical Connections ATM Connection Relationships Virtual Channel Terminology Virtual Path Terminology VP/VC Switching.

PPT - Chapter 3: ATM Networks PowerPoint Presentation

Protocols and Architecture Protocol Architecture. Layered structure of hardware and software to support exchange of data between systems/distributed applications Set of rules for transmission of data between systems One or more common protocols for every layer Protocols Characteristics { Direct/indirect communication Point-to-point lin Internet Architecture CSE 561 Lecture 2, Spring 2002 David Wetherall djw // CSE 561, Spring 2002, with credit to savage L2.2 The OSI layering Model Application Presentation Session Transport Network Datalink Physical End host Application Presentation Session Transport Network ATM, etc. • Alternative: translate packets between different. ATM adaptation layer (AAL) Combined with the ATM layer, the AAL is roughly analogous to the data link layer of the OSI model. The AAL is responsible for isolating higher-layer protocols from the details of the ATM processes. The adaptation layer prepares user data for conversion into cells and segments the data into 48-byte cell payloads

Upcoming 3G All-IP Reference Architecture Slide 41 3.5G Radio Network Evolution 3.5G WCDMA Evolved System Architecture Key 3G and 4G Parameters Key 4G Mobility Concepts 4G Networks Advances 4G Networks Advances - cont'd Key Challenges Key Challenges - cont'd - 1 Key Challenges - cont'd - 2 Key Challenges - cont'd - 3 4G RF/IF. Network-layer services and protocols. transport segment from sending to receiving host . sender: encapsulates segments into datagrams, passes to link layer. receiver: delivers segments to transport layer protocol. network layer protocols in . every Internet device: hosts, routers. routers: examines header fields in all IP datagrams passing. -Based on the Internet Protocol (IP), which provides the frame for transmitting data from place A to place B. Transport layer-Based on two main protocols: TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) and UDP (User Datagram protocol) Application layer-Combines the functions of the OSI application, presentation, and session layers - Transport layer protocol within the WAP architecture - uses the Service Primitive •T-UnitData.req .ind - uses transport mechanisms of different bearer technologies - offers a common interface for higher layer protocols - allows for transparent communication despite different technologies - addressing uses port number CIS307: Network Protocol Architectures [ Standards, Protocols, Layered Architectures, OSI Architecture, TCP/IP Architecture] Standards, Protocols, Layered Architectures Standards and Protocols are used to define representation and interaction modes within a network and to make certain functions generally available. Standards and protocols usually come in groups that work well together and.

ATM Software. The ATM (Automated Teller Machine) design is a combination of hardware and software. The hardware of the machine is mainly designed for deposits of cash, withdrawal, payments of credit card & for reporting the information of account. The software of ATM is designed to control ATM transactions & channels on centralized databases •Transporting other protocols over MPLS - MPLS will transport a number of protocols by encapsulating it inside of an MPLS packet. Some of the more popular uses are: Ethernet, ATM and T1 (PPP and HDLC). Ethernet is probably the most popular and allows an L2 frame to be sent over an L Based upon ATM as the bearer protocol Downstream transmission - Continuous ATM stream - Dedicated Physical Layer OAM (PLOAM) cells inserted into the data stream. Upstream transmission - Bursts of ATM cells - 3 byte physical overhead appended to each 53 byte cell in order to allow for burst transmission and reception

ATM network Architecture,ATM cell size,ATM addressin

Several logical AAL connections can be multiplexed over a single ATM Virtual Circuit (VC). Finally, AAL-3/4 provides a capability to support multipoint delivery of information from a single source. To support this set of services, the AAL-3/4 architecture is considerably more involved than the other AAL protocols LAN Protocol Architecture. Lower layers of OSI model IEEE 802 reference model, is a standardized protocol architecture for LANs, which describes: Physical layer. Logical link control (LLC) sub-layer, Media access control (MAC) sub-layer 6) Presentation Layer : Different machines have different structures for data. So, a proper presentation of data is a must. This layer serves the purpose. 7) Application Layer : This layer contains protocols like Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) etc,. ATM Model Here, ATM stands for Asynchronous Transfer Mode. This model contains three layers.

ATM ppt Asynchronous Transfer Mode Internet Protocol

  1. g call 4. call connected 3. accept call 5. data flow begins 6. receive data application transport network data link physica
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  3. TCP/IP Protocol Architecture. It is a four-layered protocol stack. It helps in the interconnection of network devices over the internet. Each layer contains certain protocols that help in the functioning of the layer. The four layers of TCP/IP protocol are Application Layer, Transport Layer, Networking/Internet Layer and the Data Link/physical.
  4. ISP Architecture • ISP Architecture can be divided into three components - Access Network • Dialup Access (Dialup Modem, ISDN, Cable Modem, DSL) • Dedicated Access (Frame Relay, ATM, Leased Line) - Server Farms • Servers provided by the ISP to facilitate its customers for having the better and reliable access to the Internet • DNS, FTP, Proxy, Web etc. - Backbone Network.

(PPT) 02-Protocol Architecture Saddam Tawaha - Academia

A leased line is a private telecommunications circuit between two or more locations provided according to a commercial contract. It is sometimes also known as a private circuit, and as a data line in the UK. Typically, leased lines are used by businesses to connect geographically distant offices. Unlike traditional telephone lines in the public switched telephone network (PSTN) leased lines. The ETSI definition of an ATM cell is similar, 53 bytes cell size, 5 byte header, 48 bytes data. However the difference is in number of bits for the VCI field, number of bits in the header checksum, and semantics and number of some of the control bits

Network Architecture defines the communications products and services, which ensure that the various components can work together. In the early days of data communication systems, the majority of communications were between the DTE and the host computer. Therefore, transmission control procedures were alone enough as communication protocols ATM operates on layers one to three of the OSI layer model and is characterised by very short lag, good scalability and time transparency. A key characteristic of asynchronous transfer mode transmission protocol is the fixed length of ATM cells. The cells are 53 bytes in size and have 48 bytes of usable data along with five bytes of cell header Frame Relay is a standardized wide area network (WAN) technology that specifies the physical and data link layers of digital telecommunications channels using a packet switching methodology. Originally designed for transport across Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) infrastructure, it may be used today in the context of many other network interfaces The architecture may often appear similar because the standards were created by similar standards bodies. The entire LTE system is specified by a large number of 3GPP working groups which oversee everything from the air interface to the protocol stack and the infrastructure network. This paper focuses on protocols specified by RAN2,

TCP/IP Tutorial and Technical Overview December 2006 International Technical Support Organization GG24-3376-0 5.5 ATM Addressing 123 5.6 The Format of the Signaling Message 126 5.7 The Signaling Protocol Q.2931 127 5.7.1 Information Elements (IE) 127 5.7.2 Q.2931 Messages 128 Problems 130 6 The Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) Architecture 131 6.1 The Internet Protocol (IP): A Primer 131 6.1.1 The IP Header 132 6.1.2 IP Addresses 13 6 Presentation 5Session 4Transport 3Network 2 Data Link 1 Physical International Standards Organization Open System Interconnection Reference Model ISO OSI Reference Model (protocol stack) Provides interface to application services Data representation Starts, maintains, and ends each logical session End-to-end reliable communications strea •ATM and TDM services for 2G and legacy 3G • Layer 2 and Layer 3 services are necessaryLayer 2 and Layer 3 services are necessary • This leads to optimized design where for example th The three protocols are used for this PPTP (point-to-point tunneling protocol), L2F (Layer 2 Forwarding) and L2TP (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol). These protocols allow the user authentication, dynamic address assignment, encryption of data and possibly compression. The most recent protocol, L2TP, hardly support scaling, or scalability, and fails.

Internet Architecture and Protocols. Introduction to Information Technology. IT Capstone Project II. Sitemap. Internet Architecture and Protocols. Lecture 5 ATM.ppt (576k) Ghulam Yasin, Apr 28, 2021, 8:58 PM. v.1 Short for Asynchronous Transfer Mode, ATM is a type of network technology based on transferring data in cells or packets of a fixed size. The cell used with ATM is relatively small compared to units used with older technologies. The small, constant cell size allows ATM equipment to transmit video, audio, and computer data over the same network, and assure that no single type of data hogs the line The figure-5 below depicts 5G protocol stack mentioning 5G protocol layers mapped with OSI stack. As whown 5G protocol stack consists of OWA layer, network layer, Open transport layer and application layer. OWA Layer: OWA layer is the short form of Open Wireless Architecture layer. It functions as physical layer and data link layer of OSI stack Presentation Layer Protocols PDF. This is an overview of the Presentation Layer Protocols PDF, if you want to read full article in best quality in pdf, we have provided download link below. What is Presentation Layer? The Presentation Layer is the Sixth Layer of the OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) communications model 1 SSL - Secure Socket Layer - architecture and services - sessions and connections - SSL Record Protocol - SSL Handshake Protocol - key exchange alternative

PPT - Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) PowerPoint

  1. The key aspects of the service model of the Internet and ATM network architectures are summarized in Table 4.1-1. We do not want to delve deeply into the details of the service models here (it can be quite dry and detailed discussions can be found in the standards themselves [ATM Forum 1997]).A comparison between the Internet and ATM service models is, however, quite instructive
  2. The Bluetooth architecture has its own independent model with a stack of protocols, instead of following the standard OSI model or TCP/IP model. The protocols in the Bluetooth standard can be loosely grouped into the physical layer, data link layer, middleware layer, and application layer as shown in the following diagram −
  3. History of SNA. In 1974, IBM introduced its Systems Network Architecture (SNA), which is a set of protocols and services enabling communication between host computers (IBM mainframes) and peripheral nodes, such as IBM's dedicated hardware boxes, the 3174 controller for 3270 type displays and printers, controllers for the retail and finance industry, and more
  4. Internetworking: Concepts, Architecture, and Protocols Motivation For Internetworking LANs Low cost Limited distance WANs High cost Unlimited distance Heterogeneity Is Inevitable No single networking technology best for all needs. Universal Service Fundamental concept in networking Pioneered by telephone system Arbitrary pair of computers can.
  5. AMBA (Advanced Microcontroller Bus Architecture) is a freely-available, open standard for the connection and management of functional blocks in a system-on-chip (SoC). It facilitates right-first-time development of multi-processor designs, with large numbers of controllers and peripherals. AMBA specifications are royalty-free, platform.
  6. imal consumption of resources on a client device while the actual application logic executes on an ICA-enabled server. In this respect, ICA is similar to the X Windows protocol for UNIX platforms. Citrix's ICA is an alternative to Microsoft's.

With a neat diagram explain ATM protocol architecture

Suppose standard ATM cells must be transmitted through five switches at a data rate of 43 Mbps. What is the transmission time for one cell through one switch? c. With the help of the ATM Protocol Architecture diagram, briefly explain the work of the three planes (i.e. User, Control, and Management ITU-T IoT Reference Model • Network layer consists of the two capabilities: Networking capabilities provide relevant control functions of network connectivity between devices and gateways. Transport capabilities focus on providing connectivity for the transport of IoT service and application specific data information, as well as the transport of IoT-related control and management information existing protocols.A protocol at one layer uses only the functions of the layer below it, while exporting the information it processes to the layer above it. It is a conceptual model that originated to promote interoper-ability, so that a protocol or element of a network developed by one vendor would work with others Basic Architecture. The following diagram shows a very basic architecture of a web application and depicts where HTTP sits: The HTTP protocol is a request/response protocol based on the client/server based architecture where web browsers, robots and search engines, etc. act like HTTP clients, and the Web server acts as a server. Clien

ATM Networks - Tutorialspoin

  1. TCP/IP(Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) 1. OSI is a generic, protocol independent standard, acting as a communication gateway between the network and end user. 1. TCP/IP model is based on standard protocols around which the Internet has developed. It is a communication protocol, which allows connection of hosts over a network. 2
  2. Explain any two protocols used by the datalink layer. Explain the multi path routing algorithm. Discuss the features of ATM networks. Explain the design issues of transport layer. Write short notes on; Channel allocation problems; Simple network management protocol. 9. List some applications of computer networks and their uses in real world. 10
  3. ATM — protocols and architecture - ScienceDirec
  4. Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) in Computer Network
  5. ATM Seminar Report with PPT and PD

Lecture-8_ATM.ppt - Asynchronous Transfer Mode(ATM Md Abul ..

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PPT - Broadband ISDN and ATM PowerPoint presentation

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