Segmental mandibulectomy dog

Segmental Mandibulectomy in the Dog - PubMe

  1. This step-by-step manuscript describes surgical technique of segmental mandibulectomy in the dog. This surgical procedure may be indicated for the excision of small- to mid-sized neoplasms or as a salvage procedure for mandibular fractures
  2. Journal of Veterinary Dentistry This step-by-step manuscript describes surgical technique of segmental mandibulectomy in the dog. This surgical procedure may be indicated for the excision of small- to mid-sized neoplasms or as a salvage procedure for mandibular fractures

Segmental Mandibulectomy in the Dog Semantic Schola

Mandibulectomy and maxillectomy are relatively common procedures in the canine patient, primarily for treatment of oral neoplasia. The ability for dogs to tolerate excision of large portions of the jaw allows for improved local control of disease. An understanding of tumor behavior enables owners to make informed decisions regarding care Types of mandibulectomy: unilateral rostral, bilateral rostral, segmental, caudal, and hemimandibulectomy. Indications: benign and malignant oral tumors involving bone or periosteum, mandibular fractures (for which primary repair is not possible or has failed), and osteomyelitis. Antibiotics are not indicated as surgery considered dirty and. In the cat, dog and rabbit, the symphysis of the mandibles is a fibrous union. Mandibulectomy is a surgical procedure where a segment of the mandible, or the entire mandible is removed. Segmental mandibulectomy can also be performed bilaterally (on both sides) to include the entire symphysis

Surgical Approaches to the Oral Cavity | Pocket Dentistry

DESIGN: Defects of segmental mandibulectomy were filled with calcium phosphate granules and wrapped with a collagen membrane in 4 dogs and left empty as a control in 2 dogs. Two months later, a bone marrow graft was injected into the center of the implants. Animals were humanely killed after a 16-week delay The surgical approach used to perform a total mandibulectomy in dogs is invasive, technically demanding and time consuming. It consists of the removal of the mandibular body and the ramus, and requires disarticulation of the temporomandibular joint However, dogs typically have few complications following mandibulectomy and the need to reconstruct a segmental defect is really aimed at preventing mandibular drift which is usually a cosmetic rather than a functional problem. In contrast, cats have a high complication rate following any type of mandibulectomy Often, a segmental mandibulectomy will be accompanied by a neck dissection to see if the cancer has spread to any lymph nodes in the neck. In advanced cases, part of the tongue, floor of mouth, or skin of the face will also need to be removed, depending on where the cancer has invaded

Mandibulectomy and Free Flap Reconstruction for

About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators. Objective To reconstruct segmental mandibulectomy using calcium phosphate ceramics and collagen membrane with a delayed bone marrow grafting in experimental animals. Design Defects of segmental mandibulectomy were filled with calcium phosphate granules and wrapped with a collagen membrane in 4 dogs and left empty as a control in 2 dogs Mandibulectomy and Maxillectomy. Mandibulectomy and maxillectomy are most commonly indicated for the treatment of malignant oral tumors. The prognosis for dogs and cats undergoing these procedures has improved steadily over the years. This improvement has occurred largely because experience has shown that dogs tolerate extensive oral surgery. Four dogs of the compliant tact mandible contacting the mucosa of the hard palate and Figure 4 Dog with elastic training after segmental mandibulectomy (dog 13). (A) With mouth widely open. (B) Same dog with mouth slightly open. Note the jaw alignment and no apparent mandibular drift

Segmental Mandibulectomy in the Dog - Curt Ritchie, 201

Dogs (n = 4) that had reconstruction after segmental mandibulectomy for treatment of malignant or benign tumors. Methods Using a combination of extraoral and intraoral approaches, a locking titanium plate was contoured to match the native mandible To evaluate and quantify the kinematic behavior of canine mandibles before and after bilateral rostral or unilateral segmental mandibulectomy as well as after mandibular reconstruction with a locking reconstruction plate in ex vivo conditions Mandibulectomy Four dogs, aged 8-9 years (mean, 8.8 years) weighing 25-37 kg (mean, 29 kg) had segmental mandibulectomy. Defect size was 42-60 mm (mean, 50.5 mm) for the removal of squamous cell carcinoma (n = 1) and canine acanthomatous ameloblastoma (n = 3). Follow‐up was 15-22 months (mean, 19 months) The Oncept Canine Melanoma Vaccine, DNA (Merial), is administered in stages II and III of canine oral melanoma and can decrease recurrence in some cases after removal or debulking of the primary tumor. The glycoprotein tyrosinase, which produces melanin found in melanoma cells, is the vaccine's targeted antigen

Rehabilitative management of segmental mandibulectomy

Mandibulectomy - Segmental — DR

Marginal Mandibulectomy in the Dog Kristin S. Walker, DVM , Alexander M. Reiter, Dipl Tzt, Dr med vet , and John R. Lewis, VMD Journal of Veterinary Dentistry 2009 26 : 3 , 194-19 A rim excision, with reference to mandibulec- tomy, is defined as a partial segmental excision leaving the ventral border of the mandible intact. In a unilateral rostral mandibulectomy, only that part of the bone that carries the three incisors, canine, and first and second premolars is removed A 6-year-old spayed female Labrador retriever dog was evaluated for trismus and peripheral vestibular syndrome. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a mass arising from the tympanic bulla consistent with a cholesteatoma. A total ear canal ablation, bulla osteotomy, and adjunct segmental mandibulectomy were performed. Re-evaluation 2 weeks after surgery revealed no neurologic abnormalities, normal..

Segmental mandibulectomy All. Mandibulectomy and Maxillectomy in the Dog . August . 20-21, 2016 | Oquendo Center Total unilateral mandibulectomy 1:45-2:20pTemporomandibular joint 2:20-2:30Break p 2:30-3:40p. Laboratory 5. Caudal mandibulectomy All. Condylectomy All: 3:40-4:05p Complications of mandibulectomy Arzi nant tumors of the canine mandible. Segmental and total mandibulectomy have the inherent complications of mandibular drift, traumatic malocclusion, and long-term patient discomfort. The main advantage of mandibular rim excision over segmental or total mandibulectomy is the comparative simplicity of the reconstruction, th eral segmental or bilateral rostral mandibulectomy, and the kinematic behavior of mandibles treated with unilateral segmental or bilateral rostral reconstruc-tion. We hypothesized that mandibular kinematics in dogs would be adversely affected (ie, significant devi - ation from the motions of the intact mandible) by uni the dog. Therefore, maxillectomy in the cat is probably reserved to small and rostrally located segmental mandibulectomy, and caudal mandibulectomy), one entire mandible (total mandibulectomy) to one entire mandible and a portion of the mandible on the other side

A total of 29 rats underwent surgery for a segmental mandibulectomy. Three rats (10%) experienced complications that precluded inclusion in the analysis. One intraoperative death occurred secondary to exsanguination from an arterial injury from the cutting burr during creation of a 3-mm defect, and therefore this animal was replaced with another OncologyPRO is the home of ESMO's educational & scientific resources, with exclusive content for ESMO members such as ESMO's Congresses webcasts History: A seven year old Siberian Husky-cross dog was referred for evaluation of a gingival mass. Two years previously, the referring veterinarian had resected a gingival mass from the same area between the maxillary left first and second premolars. A biopsy at that time had shown an Ossifying Epulis, with tumor cells extending to the Read more about En Bloc Resection of an Ossifying Epulis. Segmental mandibulectomy with su-praomohyoid neck dissection. C. Ex-cised tumor mass including mandible, the floor of the mouth, lymph node. D. Mandibular reconstruction with fibula free flap fixed with reconstruct plate and mini plates. Jae-Young Yang et al: Sequential treatment from mandibulectomy to reconstruction on mandibular ora Oral tumors in cats and dogs . also called marginal mandibulectomy or mandibular rim excision Segmental mandibulectomy (S/MS) - A form of partial mandibulectomy in which a full dorsoventral segment of the mandible is removed Bilateral partial mandibulectomy (S/MB) - Surgical removal of parts of the left and right mandibles and.

Segmental mandibulectomy as a novel adjunct management

Segmental mandibulectomy Cat DSH 0.67 2.8 Acquired palatal defect (electrocution injury) 3D printing in part elucidated decision to recommend against surgery Dog Golden Retriever 0.67 19.8 Congenital palatal defect Palatal defect repair Dog French Bulldog 0.75 10.3 Congenital palatal defect Palatal defect repair Dog Cavalier King Charles. Mandibulectomy can be curative for epulis ± SCC Local tumor recurrence occurs in 41%-50% dogs with complete histologic resection Local tumor recurrence is more common following maxillectomy compared to mandibulectomy

Mandibulectomy. Overall, 4 dogs aged 8 - 9 years (mean 8.8 years) weighting 25 - 37 kg (mean 29 kg) were included in this report. The dogs had segmental mandibulectomy with a defect size of 42 mm - 60 mm (mean 50.5 mm) for the removal of squamous cell carcinoma (n=1) and canine acanthomatous ameloblastoma (n=3) Extensive rostral mandibulectomy in dogs typically results in instability of the mandibles that may lead to malocclusion, difficulty in prehension, mastication, and pain of the temporomandibular joint. Large rostral mandibular defects are challenging to reconstruct due to the complex geometry of this region. In order to restore mandibular continuity and stability following extensive rostral. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and quantify the kinematic behavior of canine mandibles before and after bilateral rostral or unilateral segmental mandibulectomy as well as after mandibular reconstruction with a locking reconstruction plate in ex vivo conditions. SAMPLE: Head specimens from cadavers of 16 dogs (range in body weight, 30 to 35 kg)

Figure 1 from Segmental Mandibulectomy in the Dog

  1. The animals were fed canned dog food for 2 weeks, moistened dry dog food for 2 months, and dry dog food for the duration of the experiment. Euthanasia. Six months after the segmental mandibulectomy and reconstruction, the animals were euthanized
  2. dogs.1 However, this technique is not recommended for more invasive tumors or in small dogs. Second, elastic training is a viable option for preventing mandibular drift but requires good client compliance and it only prevents mandibular drift in approximately half of the dogs.2 Thus when segmental mandibulectomy is required, the ideal treatment.
  3. Modified Facelift approach for posterior segmental mandibulectomy with robot assisted neck dissection is a feasible procedure in management of select gingivo-buccal cancers and provides a concealed scar. Cosmetic approaches offering oncological safety would eventually be the way forward
  4. Animals: Dogs (n=4) that had reconstruction after segmental mandibulectomy for treatment of malignant or benign tumors. Methods: Using a combination of extraoral and intraoral approaches, a locking titanium plate was contoured to match the native mandible
  5. al distension revealed a large fat- and fluid-filled cystic structure next to the right ventricle

Mandibulectomy. The procedure is generally the same for any portion of the mandible to be removed. Rostral hemimandibulectomy, bilateral rostral mandibulectomy, segmental mandibulectomy, ¾ mandibulectomy, and complete hemi-mandibulectomy have been described. Incise the associated soft tissues first, around the portion to be removed Lucy was so ravenous, he immediately started purring and kneading. Then, Dr. Mazzaferro (one of our critical care specialists), did a tracheostomy so that we could safely deliver anesthesia. Our oral surgeon, Dr. Fink, then performed a segmental mandibulectomy - removing a small portion of the jaw bone on that side

Like most of his colleagues, Dr. Frank Verstraete used to tell owners that their dogs would adapt following a mandibulectomy, a procedure to remove diseased or injured parts of the lower jawbone. Your dog will be fine, his jaw will be skewed, but he'll cope, the oral surgeon would say, describing how soft tissue would fill in over the. Partial mandibulectomy can be grouped as marginal, which involves resection of cortical or alveolar bone (Figs 3b, 5), or segmental, which involves resection of the mentum, body, angle, or ramus of the mandible . Tumor invasion of the periosteum or cortical bone without invasion of the medullary cortex can be appropriately managed with marginal. Mandibulectomy is a procedure that is used to eradicate disease that involves the lower jaw or mandible. This procedure can be used in various settings, including infectious etiologies (eg, osteomyelitis), osteoradionecrosis, or a benign (eg, ameloblastoma) or malignant neoplastic process (eg, invasive squamous cell carcinoma) that involves the jaw

Segmental Mandibulectom

Methods Between 1996 and 2011, we examined the 5-year control, distant metastases, and survival rates in 310 consecutive, previously untreated patients with primary OSCC who underwent segmental mandibulectomy. Results Margin status was the only independent RF for 5-year local control Bilateral partial mandibulectomy (removal of parts of the left and right mandibles) S/MD Dorsal marginal mandibulectomy (marginal mandibulectomy, mandibular rim excision) S/MS Segmental mandibulectomy (removal of a full dorsoventral sement of a mandible) S/MT Total mandibulectomy (removal of one entire mandible) S/P Partial palatectom A 32-year-old patient was diagnosed with right mandibular ameloblastoma and underwent right segmental mandibulectomy from the left second incisor to the right second molar. Reconstruction was with a left non-vascularised iliac bone graft. She developed postoperative wound infection, with an orocutaneous fistula, and instability of the mandible

Objective To describe a surgical technique using a regenerative approach and internal fixation for immediate reconstruction of critical size bone defects after segmental mandibulectomy in dogs. Study Design Prospective case series. Animals Dogs (n = 4) that had reconstruction after segmental mandibulectomy for treatment of malignant or benign tumors. Methods Using a combination of extraoral. mandibulectomy, segmental mandibulectomy, and he-mimandibulectomy (1-3). Marginal mandibulectomy approaches to the surgical field include an intraoral approach, submandibular approach, and a transbuccal approach. It is difficult to perform intraoral resection of a tumor located in the posterior region, a submandibula Segmental Mandibulectomy in the Dog. Abstract. This step-by-step manuscript describes surgical technique of segmental mandibulectomy in the dog. This surgical procedure mandibular neoplasia, dogs, segmental mandibulectomy, canine oral cancer. A segmental mandibulectomy is a Study Design: Prospective case series. Animals: Dogs (n 4) that had reconstruction after segmental mandibulectomy for treatment of malignant or benign tumors. Methods: Using a combination of extraoral and intraoral approaches, a locking titanium plate was contoured to match the native mandible Mandibulectomy procedures in common usage include unilateral rostral, bilateral rostral, segmental, vertical ramus, and total unilateral resection. Complications include wound dehiscence (especially if previously irradiated or if electrocautery is used in excess), ranula formation (which spontaneously resolves), tongue lag, cheilitis, and.

In this operation, also known as a partial-thickness mandibular resection or marginal mandibulectomy, the surgeon removes only part or a piece of jaw bone. If the x-ray shows the tumor has grown into the jaw bone, a large part of the jaw will need to be removed in an operation called a segmental mandibulectomy mandibulectomy: ( man-dib'yū-lek'tŏ-mē ), Resection of the lower jaw. [mandibula + G. ektomē, excision Keywords: Ameloblastoma, mandibulectomy, spontaneous regeneration How to cite this article: Adeola DS, Onyebuchi EP, Agbara R, Okeke AU. Spontaneous regeneration of a wide mandibular defect following segmental mandibulectomy for ameloblastoma: A case report and review of the literature

Update on Regenerative Approach for Mandibular Reconstruction Monday, September 9, 1:00 PM - 1:30 PM Utilizing a regenerative approach and specialized internal fixation for reconstruction of critical-size bone defects following segmental or rostral mandibulectomy, defect non-union fractures and other catastrophic mandibular fractures has been proven to be a viable and predictable method. Our. Right modified radical neck dissection with right segmental mandibulectomy with right buccal mucosa growth excision with right nasolabial flape done. 21-06-2021 70 years old female suffering from lump in right breast since 3 months.Biopsy shows carcinoma.patient has liver disease .patient was operated for right breast modified radical mastectomy Mandibular reconstruction after partial mandibulectomy for tumour resection: One case report in a dog with large segmental femoral and radial bone defects that failed in the first attempt of surgical stabilization and finally treated with a combined approach with titanium mesh, β-TCP, ACBG into the defects and fractures was stabilized with.

Canine Mandibulectomy and Maxillectomy • MSPCA-Angel

  1. advantages over more radical treatments like segmental mandibulectomy and mandibular reconstruction with fibular microsurgical flap formation in odontogenic myxoma [27]. Soft-tissue chondroma is a rare soft-tissue tumour also called extra-skeletal chondroma or chondroma of soft-tissue parts
  2. Partial mandibulectomy was performed for the treatment of benign or malignant oral tumors in 142 dogs. Forty‐two dogs with a benign tumor (ameloblastoma) had a 22.5 month (range, 6 to 74 months) median disease‐free interval, with a 97% 1-year survival rate; there was local recurrence in one dog. Twenty‐four dogs with squamous cell carcinoma had a disease‐free interval of 26 months.
  3. Surgical intervention including composite mandibulectomy is the mainstay of treatment for extrication of disease in patients with neoplasms involving the mandible. The associated morbidities and reduction in quality of life after reconstruction of the mandibular defect are dependent on the quality of the reconstruction. Therefore, alternative treatments, such as distraction osteogenesis, could.
  4. Right modified radical neck dissection with right segmental mandibulectomy with right buccal mucosa growth excision with right nasolabial flape done. 19-06-2021 32 years old female suffering from left breast carcinoma.size of tumour is 6*6 cm.multiple axillary nodes were there.left modified radical mastectomy don
  5. Figure 19: Marginal mandibulectomy, FOM and tongue dropped into neck. Figure 20: Transcervical resection under excellent vision. The marginal mandibulectomy, FOM and tongue are delivered into the neck (Figure 19). This permits the surgeon to resect the tongue with excellent exposure of the cancer and the vallecula (Figure 20)

Correct: (D) Segmental mandibulectomy with 1.15cm bony margins. Explanation: The radiologic appearance on this scan is consistent with that of ameloblastoma, showing a 'soap bubble' multiloculated mandibular lesion. This is the most common odontogenic tumor of the jaw. This lesion arises from tooth enamel precursor cells Description. This DVD/CD combination includes wound management, oronasal fistula repair, oral papillomatosis, feline nosectomy, maxillary fracture repair, ventral rhinotomy, rostral and segmental mandibulectomy, tongue amputation, surgical treatment of salivary mucocele, feline thyroidectomy and canine parathyroid exploratory Partial Mandibulectomy may be recommended to treat dogs who have an oral fracture. 20. Mandibulectomy is a surgical procedure in which a portion of the lower jaw is removed . 21. The conservation and re-routing of the inferior alveolar nerve in segmental Mandibulectomy. Segmental mandibulectomy is reserved for patients with extensive involvement of cortical or medullary bone 20,21,22. Use of free fibula flap is the most reliable and flexible approach for.

Mandibulectomy — VSS

  1. imum of 1cm study revealed that 6 of 7 dogs had a complete response and no recurrence at a little over 2 years, Segmental Maxillectomy: A: Full thickness incision into the mucos
  2. dogs with bilateral rostral mandibulectomy, segmental mandibulectomy and defect non-union. Patients from as far away as Maine traveled to the hospital seeking mandibular reconstruction, a cutting-edge procedure pioneered by, and currently only offered at, UC Davis. To date, three landmark publications resulted from this unique program
  3. Though segmental mandibulectomy without reconstruction produces acceptable and functional results in almost all cases I believe that there are clear benefits to jaw reconstruction where this is possible. Herbie was an eight-year-old neutered male cross breed dog that presented to Eastcott Referrals for the treatment of a canine acanthomatou

Mandibulectomy for pet oral tumors, fractures - Veterinary

Abby's family chose to proceed with surgery and Dr. Smith performed a segmental mandibulectomy. Essentially, he removed the entire lower jaw on the left side behind the large canine tooth. Remarkably, Abby began eating soft food the day following surgery! Abby never looked back after surgery and has made a full recovery resection, the segmental mandibulectomy group and marginal mandibulectomy group. All patients in the segmental group underwent mandibular bone continuity reconstruction. From the medical records, intra-oral photographs and details of the clinical examination were gathered for age, sex, mandibulectomy characteristics, defect side, numbe They ended up keeping him overnight and on Wednesday, they removed the mast cell tumor and performed a segmental mandibulectomy (removed about 2 of his jaw bone on the right side). He was able to come home Thursday afternoon and has been doing great ever since I have a question for my dad who had a mandibulectomy for squamous carcinoma. Father he finished his segmental - Answered by a verified Oncologist. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website

Mandibular segmental defect regenerated with macroporous

  1. SUMMARY: Head and neck surgical reconstruction is complex, and postoperative imaging interpretation is challenging. Surgeons now use microvascular free tissue transfer, also known as free flaps, more frequently in head and neck reconstruction than ever before. Thus, an understanding of free flaps, their expected appearance on cross-sectional imaging, and their associated complications.
  2. Surgery. Different types of surgery can be used to treat squamous cell skin cancers. Excision: Cutting out the tumor, along with a small margin of normal skin, is often used to treat squamous cell cancers. Curettage and electrodesiccation: This approach is sometimes useful in treating small (less than 1 cm across), thin squamous cell cancers.
  3. Changes in absolute band (ABC) and segmented neutrophil counts (ASC) (109/L) in healthy dogs (Group C), dogs infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Group 0) and infected dogs treated with: enrofloxacin (Group I); feverfew (Group II) and feverfew+enrofloxacin (Group III)
  4. Segmental mandibulectomy as a novel adjunct management strategy for the treatment of an advanced cholesteatoma in a dog. Brittany E. Abrams, Laura E. Selmic, Christina J. Cocca, Vincent A. Wavreille (page 995
  5. According to Huh et al., after removal of the periosteum in mongrel dogs, bony bridges were not observed in mandibular defects more than 15 mm size at 6 months after segmental mandibulectomy. They.
  6. H. Vayvada, F. Mola, A. Menderes, and M. Yilmaz, Surgical management of ameloblastoma in the mandible, segmental mandibulectomy and immediate reconstruction with free fibula or deep circumflex iliac artery flap (evaluation of the long-term esthetic and functional results), Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 64, no. 10, pp.
  7. imal invasion and no propensity for metastasis. There are many names that are, have been and indeed will be used to define these tumours

Frontiers Extended Subtotal Mandibulectomy for the

In this operation, likewise called a partial-thickness mandibular resection or limited mandibulectomy, the surgeon gets rid of just part of a piece of jaw bone. If the x-ray reveals the tumor has actually turned into the jaw bone, an entire portion of the mandible will need to be eliminated in an operation called a segmental mandibulectomy Segmental mandibulectomy was chosen through intraoral access, with careful opening of soft tissues, live bleeding of remaining tissue, abundant irrigation with saline solution under pressure and primary closing of soft tissues. In this case, thirty oxygenotherapy sessions were performed before the surgery and ten after the surgery..

Mandibulectomy - Prosthesis — DR

SAMPLE:Head specimens from cadavers of 16 dogs (range in body weight, 30 to 35 kg). PROCEDURE:Specimens were assigned to undergo unilateral segmental (n = 8) or bilateral rostral (8) mandibulectomy and then mandibular reconstruction by internal fixation with locking plates Segmental mandibulectomy Marginal mandibulectomy. Anterior Tonsillar Pillar. Tongue base SCC, bilateral level 2 nodes HPV + RetromolarTrigone. Retromolar trigone SCC. Glossomylohyoid Gap •Oton Otonari-Yamamoto M, Nakajima K, Tsuji Y, et al. AJR 2010. Pterygopalatine Fossa PerineuralTumor Spread Dogs requiring extensive rostral mandibulectomy due to odonto-genic or non-odontogenic tumors that were presented to William R. Prichard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California Davis, Davis were included in this case series report. Informed consent was obtained from the dog's owners. The pre

A 'rim excision' or partial segmental resection leaves the ventral border of the mandible intact (Brown et al. 2002). The terms unilateral or bilateral mandibulectomy state whether one or both mandibles are removed. Resection may be rostral, central, caudal or total. Maxillectomy can also be performed uni- or bilaterally of the mucosal healed for the next segmental mandibulectomy (Fig. 3B). All beagles were randomized into two groups: control and experimental. The anesthetized beagle was placed on the operating table in the left lateral position with their limbs in extension and the head aligned with the body and fixed on the left half-face The patient underwent a left mandibulectomy. Histopathology. MACROSCOPIC DESCRIPTION: A segmental mandibulectomy with the left first, second and third molar teeth. It measures 60mm from the anterior bone margin to the posterior bone margin, the left coronoid process is included, making the specimen 70mm superior to inferior A large symphyseal defect following a mandibulectomy was treated successfully by applying trifocal distraction to bridge the defect by moving two transport segments toward each other in dogs . Subsequently, this technique was applied in clinical mandibulectomy reconstruction [ 7 - 9 ] Villamizar-Martinez LA, Reiter AM (2017). Caudal segmental mandibulectomy as alternative treatment for unilateral (true or false) temporomandibular joint ankylosis in two cats and one dog. Proc. 31st Ann. Vet. Dent. Forum, Nashville, TN, USA, p. 11. Castejon-Gonzalez, Reiter AM (2017) Procedures include salivary gland resection, repair of oronasal fistula, quick and easy incisional gastropexy for GDV, rostral and segmental mandibulectomy, urethrotomy, scrotal urethrostomy, penile urethrotomy, a 3 ligature technique for splenectomy, new ideas for managing canine urethral and cystic calculi, visceral organ biopsy techniques.