Home

Douglas fir vs Hemlock wood

Hemlock Fir vs. Douglas Fir - by ColdAudio @ LumberJocks ..

Douglas Fir tends to grow less limby than Hemlock, making it a little more valuable as logs. As far as my experience goes, if you get reasonably clean wood (knots or other defects) then it will make little to no difference in your project. I've cut up many trees of each and can tell no real difference in looks What is the difference between hemlock and Douglas fir? Both the Hemlock firs and the Douglas firs are large fir trees. They have soft needles with white lines. The needles are flat and not stinging or rigid Hemlock. Hemlock is a great economical wood for country homes and barns. It is pale in color and naturally develop a richer appearance over time. It looks great rough sawn and hand hewn. Hemlock is very strong, has a long grain and is a renewable resource. It is resistant to rotting and it is also much less expensive than Douglas fir

<<Douglas Fir. The texture of this softwood is smooth with a straight, even grain and knots that create beautiful swirl patterns. This wood is a light, rosy color that is set off by its remarkably straight and handsome grain pattern. While wood darkens over time with exposure to sunlight, hemlock often remains true to its original, freshly. Despite the name Douglas Fir, the tree is actually part of the Hemlock family. When properly dried, Hemlocks provide extremely stable lumber that resists checking or twisting. Even when constantly exposed to heat and moisture, such as in saunas, Hemlocks retain their smooth texture and stability

What is the difference between hemlock and Douglas fir

Douglas Fir - The texture of this softwood is smooth with a straight, even grain and knots that create beautiful swirl patterns. This wood is a light, rosy color that is set off by its remarkably straight and handsome grain pattern. Will tend to redden over time when exposed to light. Paints easily and can hold all types of stains and. Tight, vertical grain and warm coloring give our douglas fir doors an enduring appeal. CHOOSE A WOOD SPECIES. Douglas Fir. Western Hemlock. Eastern White Knotty Pine. Poplar. Poplar - Stain Grade. Poplar - Paint Grade. Maple. Red Oak. Cherry. Clear Alder. Knotty Alder. Western Red Cedar. Ash. White Birch Douglas Fir remains popular due to its lovely golden color, availability in an almost clear or very small knot, and its much higher strength than eastern softwoods. Of course, there are many other wood varieties from which to choose. Each type of wood has its advantages and disadvantages. Factors to consider are: Availability. Sustainability. First of all, they also tend to be much more elastic. In terms of actual stiffness ratings, the most elastic softwoods are yellow pine, Douglas fir, Hemlock, Cypress, & Spruce. As you may have already noticed in the chart, those woods also have the top five bending strength thresholds in almost the same order. Next, the strongest softwoods also.

What Wood Species Should I Build With

  1. Of the wood species most commonly used for building-Douglas fir, spruce, and hemlock-only Douglas fir is somewhat resistant to termite. It is best to avoid spruce and hemlock if termites are abundant in your area. Pine is another popular construction wood, but it's also the wood termites seem to prefer above all
  2. ed in bending strength of beams and joists and crushing strength of short columns. The principal purpose is to check assigned working-stress values against actual observed breaking strengths. Working stresses are compared with the 2 percent exclusio
  3. Compare Properties of Canadian Wood Species Few places on earth can match the diversity and richness of British Columbia's (B.C.'s) forests. Canadian wood offers five wood species: Douglas fir, western hemlock, western red cedar, spruce-pine-fir (SPF), and yellow cedar. Each of these species have unique features which they bring to the table
  4. Wood - Compressive Strength vs. Moisture Content - Red Spruce, Longleaf Pine and Douglas Fir - moisture content and their compressive strength; Wood Density and Moisture Content - Density of wood versus moisture content; Wood Headers Supported Weight - The weight that can be supported by a double or triple wood heade
  5. Janka Numbers For Domestic & Exotic Wood Species. The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. This force is recorded in both pounds-force (lbf) and kilo-Newtons (kN). We have found this to be one of the best measures of the ability of.
  6. included the heartwood of Douglas-fir, western white pine, redwood, Eucalyptus sp., red and white oak, lodgepole pine, ponderosa pine, western red cedar, and the sapwood of redwood, white oak, and red oak. No woods fell into the nonresistant class (< 7 years expected average life). Th
  7. Redwood vs. Douglas Fir Image: wikimedia.org Redwood trees and Douglas fir trees are distinctively different from each other in appearance. However, after the logs are processed into timber, there can be some confusion between the two types of wood

Douglas Fir, Coast region 38 34 Doug. Fir, Rocky Mt. region 35 30 HARDWOOD ENERGY VALUES Species Density Heat Value lb/cu. ft. lb/cord BTU/lb Mil-BTUs/ton Mil-BTUs/cord Willow 23.7 3,034 8,400 16.8 25. Fir, pine, spruce and hemlock are the main sources of structural lumber.Framing lumber is the main go-to lumber for framing and building. The three woods are often a combination of hemlock, spruce and Douglas fir, and sometimes marketed generically as Hem-fir, hem-fir-spruce, or even spruce-pine-fir. When lumber is grouped like this, it's been graded for structural performance It shows more of the character of the wood and offers far more visual interest than the uniform stripes of CVG. More cost effective -- Mixed Grain fir is less costly than CVG because it is a more efficient way to slice the logs. Cutting logs into CVG results in a lot of waste that can't be used elsewhere, driving up the cost of the product Douglas fir tends to be stronger and sturdier type of wood while Hemlock fir is more prone warping or splitting. For your wood projects, choosing a more dependable material at the beginning can save you a lot of money in the long term. It is a much more economical decision to purchase a better quality of material at the outse Douglas Fir. With a decent hardness rating and impressive bending strength, Douglas Fir is often found in structural framing. It's more immune to abrasive wear & tear than other softwoods, and it offers some resistance to decay. As a result, this is a common material found in large buildings and bridge trestles

Compare Wood Species - Owen Henry Window

Douglas Fir Wood Decking is slightly more expensive than Cedar Wood Decking. Douglas Fir is found in Western America, from Alaska to California, and as far east as British Columbia. It is a pale pinkish-brown to red-brown color, and has a tight, straight grain. Douglas Fir, when compared to Cedar, is almost twice as hard per square inch First of all, it is important to know that there are a number of varieties of pine. We will primarily be discussing Douglas fir vs. yellow pine, as it is one of the most commonly available and popular wood types with woodworkers.The hardness and strength factors will differ a bit if you are considering Douglas fir vs. eastern white pine or Ponderosa pine vs. Douglas fir Hem-Fir is a species combination of Western Hemlock and the true firs (Noble, California Red, Grand, Pacific Silver and White fir).With strength properties slightly below Douglas Fir-Larch, this is an extremely versatile species group and useful for multiple, general-purpose framing applications Fir and hemlock are types of evergreen trees that belong to the pine family. There are 45 to 55 species of fir that are native to North and Central America, Europe, Asia and Africa. Out of 10 known species of hemlock, four can be found in North America, while others grow in Asia

Understanding Douglas Fir's Strengths & Weaknesse

Douglas fir is very common in Dutch forests, sometimes more common still than the Norway spruce. Hemlock firs are not often seen in forests, but nevertheless you see them here and there. Douglas fir are easily recognizable and so are Hemlocks. The different Hemlock species are quite impossible to keep apart Hem-Fir is a species combination of western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) and five of the True Firs: California Red Fir (Abies magnifica), Grand Fir (Abies grandis), Noble Fir (Abies procera), Pacific Silver Fir (Abies amabilis), and White Fir (Abies concolor). While western hemlock and the true firs are sometimes marketed separately in products. WOOD STAIN COLORS & WOOD TEXTURES The options are virtually endless. For instance, white pickled pine looks ideal in a bright and airy country home. Planed douglas fir is wonderful in elegant churches, hotels and restaurants. And hand hewn (or rough hewn) weathered hemlock is perfect in barns, community centers and ski lodges which is better pine or Douglas fir? The soft wood between the grain lines shrinks and expands, making the wood cup or twist. Fir has little soft grain.Pine has much more soft grain. For stability and strength, fir is much less prone to warping or twisting, and much stronger than pine. You may ask, What's a hemlock tree look like? Identification of the Eastern Hemlock: The Eastern Hemlock has.

A Guide to Wood Species Reliable and Energy Efficient

  1. Hem - Fir generally means Hemlock. SPF typically has some interior fir and balsam mixed in. but not often D-Fir. D-Fir is a bit more valuable, as such, its typically stamped D-Fir. Loggers can tell the difference. Hemlock is a wood that absorb's moisture well, its often used in pressure treated. It paints well but is prone to cracking
  2. Generally speaking dick is correct. Take a look at the photos I just posted Doug fir needles grow all around the branch. With hemlock it's a bit dependent on species, mountain hemlock needles encircle the branch more than western hemlock
  3. The top three wood species would be Douglas Fir Larch, Eastern Hemlock, and Eastern White Pine. We do work with other types of timber like Oak, Cedar, and Glulams , an engineered lumber. Timber is a natural product so there are variations in grain, color, and checking from piece to piece and species to species of wood
  4. The Western Wood Products Association has a helpful finish grade list. Typical finish woods include Ponderosa Pine, Eastern White Pine, Redwood, Douglas Fir, Southern Pine, Hem-Fir and Western Red Cedar. If you are looking for a clear and consistent appearance, Hem-Fir may be the right choice

Doors - The classic wood door is vertical grain Doug Fir, for traditional homes or contemporary; Exterior Applications - Old growth, tight grain wood still readily available, reasonably priced and is naturally more durable and resistant to decay, Great for fascia, trim and cornice mouldings. New STK Doug Fir in Stock We typically use douglas-fir but someone mentioned oak might be less interesting to the bees. Do you have any experience between various species for exterior timber framing? Thanks. In fact I've been amazed at the wide range of wood carpenter bees will utilize. No doubt they seem to prefer anything soft with pine being a favorite Fir tree cones come in a wide array of sizes. Those of the California red fir (Abies magnifica) may grow to as long as 9 inches, while some firs - including balsam fir (Abies balsamea) - produce a cone as small as 2 inches long. Hemlock cones are small, with only the mountain hemlock generating a cone as long as 3 inches Softwoods like Douglas Fir, Hemlock, Southern Yellow Pine, and Ponderosa Pine easily decay and provide an attractive food source to termites and carpenter ants. Forcing the preservative copper azole, type C (CA-C) into the wood transforms it into a useless food source for bugs and wards off fungi Hemlock is a great, economical wood for country homes and barns. It is pale in color and naturally richens over time. It looks great rough sawn. Hemlock is very strong, has a long grain and is a renewable resource. It is resistant to rotting and it is also much less expensive than douglas fir for timber frame homes

Hemlock is a good building material because it is light and strong. It is widely used for framings and sub-floors, as well as for roofing and sheathing. It can also be used for indoor features like shutters, banisters, and stairs. Hemlock is a softwood common in North America. It was used primarily for its bark, which was extracted for tannin. Douglas fir is Pseudotsuga, menzizii for the man who identified it.(Sir Douglas Menzizii) He really didn't know how to classify it because it had characteristics of fir and also of hemlock so he called it Pseudo(false) tsuga (hemlock)so it is really not fir at all or hemlock? The red fir name comes from the beautiful red color of the heartwood Douglas Fir. Pound for pound, Douglas Fir is one of the strongest western soft woods. This wood is used in the manufacturing of more products than any other lumber species. This strong, reliable and workable wood is perfect for use in many projects. It's lightweight and easy cutting properties make Douglas Fir great for home improvement Best Wood for Building A stud wood type that is favored is the Douglas Fir, known for its structural strength. The framing lumber species will change for each region, such as Douglas Fir-Larch in the west and Hem-Fir in the east. Some projects require more than one type of wood

Wood Species Selector Wood Door Types Simpson Door

Conifers with leaf stalks called petioles will be bald cypress, hemlock, and Douglas fir trees. 1. of 3. Identifying the Major Firs. Robert Vidéki/Doronicum Kft. / Bugwood.org fir products, originating from the coastal region of the Pacific Northwest where Douglas fir and Western hemlock dominate. However, all appearance grades can be divided into two broad categories: 1. are often Highest quality appearance grades absolutely clear, free of natural characteristics, blemishes and manufacturing imperfections. These ar COLORS CHART - WEATHERWOOD STAINS. Are you working with a s pecific type of wood and trying to achieve a weathered look? . The following wood species are arranged in alphabetical order. Scroll down to see your wood species and hover over the photo to learn what colors are possible. CLICK on the COLOR SWATCH to be taken to the product page Strength Properties of Commercially Important Woods. The table below provides laboratory-derived values for several mechanical properties of wood that are associated with wood strength. Note that due to sampling inadequacies, these values may not necessarily represent average species characteristics. Source: U.S. Forest Products Laboratory

What Species of Wood to Use in a Timber Frame? — Brooks

  1. Douglas fir needles are arranged in a spiral around the twig (making it appear bushy) while hemlock needles are arranged mostly in a single plane (making the twig appear flatter). Yew, a widely used landscape tree/shrub, has single needles that look very similar to hemlock. However, it lacks the white lines apparent on the undersides of hemlock.
  2. Douglas Fir-South Select Structural 1550 900 165 520 1000 1,200,000 No. 1 1300 625 165 520 850 1,200,000 No. 2 825 425 165 520 550 1,000,000 Hem-Fir Select Structural 1300 750 140 405 925 1,300,000 No. 1 1050 525 140 405 750 1,300,000 No. 2 675 350 140 405 500 1,100,000 Mountain Hemlock Select Structural 1350 775 170 570 875 1,100,00

The Strongest Softwoods Bending Strength Chart (psi

  1. Douglas fir, like spruce, is not only a source of beauty but also very strong. It responds well to hand- and power-tool use and, properly treated, is decay-, mold- and termite-resistant
  2. ates well and is used to make la
  3. The Spruce-Pine-Fir (S-P-F) species group grows abundantly throughout Canada and makes up by far the largest proportion of dimension lumber production. The other major commercial species groups for Canadian dimension lumber are Douglas Fir-Larch, Hem-Fir and Northern Species
Mixed Grain Fir Lumber, S4S - Oregon Wood Specialties

Termite Resistant Wood 101 and Wood Species to Avoi

Douglas-fir is also valued for its dimensional stability and its high specific gravity which provides excellent nail-holding capability. SPF (spruce-pine-fir) is the name given to a combination of spruces, pines and firs that share similar characteristics and are foun The sale of hemlock supports the local economy at every level of production; The trees are common in New Hampshire and the logs readily available; Avoids the cost/pollution of long-distance transport; When it decays or is discarded, puts an indigenous species back into the earth; 2. Douglas Fir. Douglas Fir, or Doug Fir, is another great wood. The weight of wood varies by the species of wood and the moisture content of the lumber. Green lumber will weigh significantly more than kiln dried boards due to its higher density. Find Wood Density. To find how much wood weighs start by finding the density of the wood. Use the wood density chart below to find the density for different species. If wood strength and hardness matter to you, choose Douglas-fir wood over whitewood. Fir is harder and stronger than pine, spruce or hemlock, and it's less likely to have knots or other blemishes. It may be more expensive but probably not as expensive as a hardwood like oak unless it's clear fir

Hemlock makes a great firewood for campfires because it burns hot, it smells good and it crackles and pops, giving you the ideal campfire experience. Hemlock Firewood - Overall. If you have easy access to some hemlock firewood, it's definitely worth burning. The wood is easy to cut, easy to handle and produces 19.3 million BTUs per cord Hemlock vs. Larch for a barn. bhackford | Posted in General Discussion on June 1, 2002 10:19am. I am building a 24 by 30 foot pole barn. The barn will be built on 16in concrete priers with a CCA PT base, so ground contact is not an issue. In the past, I have built barns with only rough cut hemlock

Douglas fir does great in a wood stove because it is a higher density softwood which means it will usually burn slower and put out more radiant heat over a longer time. Other low density softwoods like Cedar, won't do well in a wood stove because it smokes and pops a lot. Cedar makes better kindling than firewood Specific Gravities For North American Wood Species Species Combination Specific Gravity, G Aspen 0.39 Alaska Cedar 0.47 Alaska Hemlock 0.46 Alaska Spruce 0.41 Alaska Yellow Cedar 0.46 Balsam Fir 0.36 Beech-Birch-Hickory 0.71 Coast Sitka Spruce 0.43 Cottonwood 0.41 Douglas Fir-Larch 0.50 Douglas Fir-Larch (North) 0.4 Hemlock is locally widely used for raised garden beds, fencing, and barn construction and repair. There is no guarantee as to how long the wood will last in the ground, but in the right conditions, some people report that it lasts 5 to 7 years. There is enough of a price difference between the hemlock and cedar or fir, that it is locally preferred wood for general outdoor and farm use Douglas Fir-Larch Douglas Fir-Larch (Noh) Douglas Fir-South Eastern Hemlock Eastern Hemlock-Tamarack Eastern Hemlock-Tamarack (North) Eastern Softwoods Eastern SPNCC Eastern White Pine adjusted clear wood values, results in working stresses for the various commercial grades of any species

Stains are a great way to get the look of premium species on a tighter budget. Stains also help mitigate color and grain variation. 9Wood offers both standard and custom stains on solid wood and veneer. All of the images below are standard stains applied to either solid Western Hemlock or Cherry veneer. (Stains are in stacked pairs to show each. Clear Grade Hemlock . Clear Grade In clear vertical grain this western wood is lighter in color than douglas fir and can yield clean and straight edges when compared to that of the Fir. East Coast Deliveries. We reach the East Coast and the South with a network of Common Carriers and our own truck fleet Choose the Right Wood for the Job. There are two types of dimensional lumber, softwoods and hardwoods, and choosing which one you need for your project depends on what you'll be using it for. If you're looking for framing lumber — think studs or beams — softwood options like cedar lumber and Douglas fir lumber are your best bet

Compare Douglas fir, Western Hemlock, Red - Canadian Woo

  1. Softwoods have been exported from the United States for over 400 years. Today, America is recognized worldwide as a sustainable source of top quality products. The simple cell structure of softwoods' long, uniformly packed fibers gives them a high strength-to-weight ratio, making them flexible and capable of bearing heavy loads. American softwoods have the strength [
  2. Douglas fir is another type of wood commonly used in garden planter boxes and raised bed assemblies. According to the writers from Greenhouse Today, fir is a hardy wood that can last 10 to 15.
  3. Our preferred peel thicknesses in Douglas Fir are 1/10 and 1/8. Green veneer grades include CD, AB, Utility, and Natural (N) or High Density (HD) White Fir Mix - White wood species are not segregated in our yard. The mix may contain White Fir, Noble Fir, Grand Fir, and Hemlock. Our preferred thicknesses are 0.125, 0.142, 0.150.
  4. Wood product markings that are important for construction inspection are grade and treatment markings. These markings are indicators of the quality and durability of the material. • DF = douglas fir • HEM = hemlock • MSR = machine stress rated • RGH, Rgh = rough • SEL, Sel = select • SR = stress rated • STD, std = standar

Douglas-fir, mountain hemlock, white fir, and grand fir are highly susceptible (readily infected and killed); western hemlock, western larch, Pacific silver fir, subalpine fir, noble fir, California red fir, and the spruces are intermediately susceptible (often infected but rarely killed); and the pines and cedars are considered to be tolerant. Because wood is a natural material and the tree is subject to many constantly changing influences (such as Douglas-fir 0.050 0.068 0.064 0.078 0.007 Fir, subalpine 0.039 0.102 0.070 0.058 0.006 Hemlock, western 0.031 0.058 0.038 0.032 0.003 Larch, western 0.065 0.079 0.063 0.069 0.007 Pine Loblolly 0.078 0.113 0.082 0.081 0.01 The results obtained by Wood and Soltis (1964) using Douglas-fir, western hemlock, and Southern Pine are comparable to the Comstock (1965) results. Wood and Soltis fit regression equations to their individual species data assumingM g = 28 percent. Using the 1963 FPL recommendations of 2.35-percent shrinkage in thicknes Species like hemlock, Douglas fir, western red cedar, or redwood. Is One Better than the Other for Wood Ceilings? Sometimes there's confusion about one being more premium than the other, but interestingly some softwoods are technically harder, more dense, and more durable than some hardwoods

Hemlock - poor man's fir, more blonde, softer, dents more easily so not great for furniture, often used for dimensional lumber, apt to rot Ponderosa pine - Very low density, has many purposes, usually non-structural, commonly seen as shelf boards, has dark reddish pink heartwood and yellow sapwoo Douglas-fir-larch, which can either be Douglas-fir or western larch Hem-fir, which can either be western hemlock, California red fir, grand fir, noble fir, Pacific silver fir, or white fir Southern Yellow Pine (SYP), which can either be loblolly, longleaf, shortleaf, or slash pin Denotes the wood's species or a group of species with similar strengths. While all species are graded at the same four levels of strength and appearance, they are not equally strong. A joist made of Douglas fir, for instance, will cover a greater span than a hemlock joist of the same size and grade

(Subalpine Fir) Amabilis Fir Abies amabilis Am Fir (N) Balsam Fir Abies balsamea B Fir (N) Douglas fi r Pseudotsuga menziesii D Fir (N) Grand Fir Abies grandis G Fir (N) Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis East Hemlock (N) or E Hem (N) Western Hemlock Tsuga heterophylla W Hem (N) (Pacifi c Coast Hemlock) Western Larch Larix occidentalis Larch (N Moderately Resistant: second-growth bald cypress, Douglas fir, eastern larch, western larch, old-growth eastern white pine, old-growth longleaf pine, old-growth slash pine, and second-growth redwood. For many species of wood today, the only way to get highly resistant, old-growth wood is to salvage it from structures that are being torn. If hemlock lumber will be used in an outdoor setting, it needs to be treated to protect it, and periodic re-treatments are advised to keep the wood in good condition. Items like hemlock deck furniture can also be brought indoors in harsh weather to limit damage

Lumber that is does not have the SPF species stamp may be stamped DF-L, standing for Dougas fir and larch, or Hem-fir, standing for western hemlock and several true fir species. Any of these stamps may be found on lumber used for standard framing construction, depending on where the lumber outlet buys its products from The Pinaceae family is very large and contains some of the most commonly foraged conifers, such as pine, fir, Douglas-fir, spruce, hemlock, and true cedars. Pine Tree Identification Pine trees ( Pinus spp.) have needles that are bundled in clusters of 1-7, with 2-5 being most common, depending on the species DFP is produced to the manufacturing standard CSA O121 Douglas fir plywood, where front and back faces are Douglas Fir. Veneer for inner plies can be any one of 21 listed species, including Douglas fir, western hemlock, and most spruce, pine and fir species in Canada Advisory Circular 43-13 lists a number of different types of wood that may be used in an aircraft structure. Some of these are Douglas Fir, Noble Fir, Western Hemlock, White Pine, White Cedar, and Yellow Poplar. I will discuss the ones that are the most readily available—Douglas Fir, White Pine, and Western Hemlock (range 16.3-102.1 cm) for Douglas-fir and western hemlock trees, respectively. Average height of these trees was 30.8 m (range 10.2-61.9 m) and 27.5 m (range 12.7-40.7 m) for Douglas-fir and western hemlock trees, respectively. Diameter inside bark in these trees were measured at 0.3, 0.6, 0.9 and 1.37 m, and at each 1/10th of the heigh

Wood Species - Moisture Content and Weigh

Douglas Fir Wood Properties

<br>Species Million BTU's per Cord Pounds Per Cord Green Pounds Per Cord Dry; Douglas Fir: 26.5: 5050: 3075: Western Juniper: 26.4: 5410: 3050: Western Hemlock: 24.4: 5730 Western Hemlock. Hem-Fir is a species combination of Western Hemlock and the true firs (Noble, California Red, Grand, Pacific Silver and White fir).With strength properties slightly below Douglas Fir-Larch, this is an. Wood (1954) investigated the residual strength of two 101-year-old Eastern White Pine floor beams. Each of the Western Hemlock timbers failed in shear. For the air-dried specimens, 50% of the Sitka Spruce and 66% of the Western Hemlock timbers failed in shear. Markwardt observed that the Sitka Spruce material wa A Grade vs. C Grade. Many distributors try to offer a better price by selling C & Better Fir. While a board may cost may cost you 10%-15% less, the money saved is lost when you try to cut around all those knots. Moore Newton only sells 85/15 (85% A-grade, 15% B-grade, the highest sort of Fir available

Wood Species. D Fir-L or Doug Fir for Douglas fir or larch (L) SYP for Southern yellow pine. H-F, Hem-fir, or Hem for hemlock-fir or hemlock. S-P-F for spruce, pine, or fir. Grade of Lumber. The grade of lumber is noted - SS, #1, #2, #3, or STUD - and the price reflects the quality. Moisture Conten The tank is then filled with wood preservative and put under an ultra-high PSI. This forces the preservative into the wood. Pressure-treated wood is either southern yellow pine (SYP), spruce, fir, pine (SPF), Douglas, or hemlock fir. The species of wood depends on your geographic location Douglas-fir is a large tree, reaching 85 metres on BC's coast and 42 metres in the Interior. The oldest trees can be more than 1,500 years old. Due to its strength, it is used for building and construction, and is one of the finest timbers for heavy structural purposes, including glulam beams and roof trusses

Relative Wood Hardness Table - PreciseBit

Eastern Hemlock is a native tree from Eastern Canada that grows in association with other species such as birch, spruce, white pine, maple and beech. This tree usually reaches diameters of 45 to 60 cm and a height of up to 21 m., although larger trees are often seen. A native tree, it grows slowly and can live up to 600 years White pine is a far superior wood. FWIW, I think the 2x4s at HD are always labeled Fir. Probably a safe guess then that fir is the cheapest wood available. Other types of lumber from weakest to strongest are Hemlock, Hem-Fir, SYP (southern yellow pine), Douglas Fir, Doug-fir-larch The Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) is an evergreen conifer species in the pine family, Pinaceae.It is native to western North America and is also known as Douglas-fir, Douglas spruce, Oregon pine, and Columbian pine. There are three varieties: coast Douglas-fir (P. menziesii var. menziesii), Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir (P. menziesii var. glauca) and Mexican Douglas fir (P. menziesii var. Eastern Hemlock. Eastern Hemlock timbers come from trees in New Hampshire and are milled to order. Eastern Hemlock is strong and durable enough for any projects. Hemlock Timbers provide homeowners great value for their projects and provide a unique look compared to Douglas Fir or Western Red Cedar

Bandsaw finish removes any discolouration and provides a clean surface for your project. This is not smooth, pieces are rough to the touch. Actual size of this item: 5-3/4″ x 5-3/4″. 6 x 6 - 10' Douglas Fir quantity. Add to cart. + Add to Project List. SKU: 6610DFIR Categories: Fence Posts, Timbers Douglas Fir vs. Spruce vs. Framing. I am building a workshop that is 20′ x 30′. I was planning on using 2x12x20′ Douglass Fir at 12″ on center for the joists for the second floor. The problem I have is that no one in my area carries Douglass Fir of that size. One place had Spruce, another has framing lumber The largest of the hemlocks, this hemlock grows over 300' tall from the Rockies to the Pacific coast. It has a straight grain, tightly spaced growth rings, somewhat course texture, and flat, uniform appearance with little distinction between the heartwood and sapwood. Hemlock takes finishing well and can be stained in virtually any color, making it an adaptable wood for interior projects The harder the wood, the more time is needed to fully soak the wood, making it easier to bend and preventing the wood from springing back to its original form. Popular hardwoods are oak, maple, cherry, birch, walnut, ash and poplar. Common softwoods are pine, fir, spruce, hemlock, cedar and redwood

Redwood vs Douglas Fir Wood - Lumber Compared

You may see the tree sometimes spelled with a hyphen as in Douglas-fir. Douglas Fir Essential Oil offers a somewhat sweeter and more complex aroma when compared to the aroma of other conifer needle oils. I find it to be woody and characteristically pine-like, but it also features layers of citrus and floral notes. View Full Profile for Douglas. Mountain Hemlock is used for the same construction purposes as Western Hemlock; expect prices to be moderate for a domestic softwood. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), perhaps the most common tree in Oregon, is the most important conifer in the state because of its ecological and economic significance.The Oregon legislature recognized this when it designated Douglas-fir the official state tree in 1936. Eight of ten conifers west of the Cascades are Douglas-firs Krosswood Doors 36 in. x 80 in. Craftsman 3 Lite V Groove Unfinished Stain Left-Hand/Inswing Douglas Fir Prehung Front Door Model# PHED.DF.553V.30.68.134.LH.512 Builders Choice 32 in. x 80 in. Universal/Reversible Full Lite Clear Low-E Glass Unfinished Fir Wood Front Door Sla

Northwest Conifer Connections: Focus on Pacific Yew